How did the New England colonists adapt to their environment to survive?
The New England colonies, however, were full of forests, giving the colonists the important natural resource of trees. These trees provided wood that colonists were able to use to build homes, buildings, and ships. Lumber became very important to the shipbuilding industry because they built ships for the colonies.
What geographic advantages did the New England colonies have?
The many capes, bays, lakes, wetlands, and rivers support the fishing industry. New England also boasts the Appalachian Mountains and Connecticut River Valley!
How did the Puritans treat the Natives?
The natives found Puritan conversion practices coercive and culturally insensitive. Accepting Christianity usually involved giving up their language, severing kinship ties with other Natives who had not been saved, and abandoning their traditional homes.
How were government decisions made in most New England colonies?
Each government was given power by a charter. The English monarch had ultimate authority over all of the colonies. A group of royal advisers called the Privy Council set English colonial policies. Each colony had a governor who served as head of the government.
What was unique about the New England colonies?
New England Colonies had to deal with a colder climate than the Middle and Southern Colonies. This climate made it more difficult for certain diseases to thrive, unlike in the warmer, Southern colonies. Massachusetts Bay Colony was established by Puritans in 1629, and founded by John Winthrop in 1630.
What was New England’s most important export?
Fish was the area’s most valuable export throughout the colonial period, though its primary trade destination shifted over the eighteenth century.
What were the main natural boundaries of the colonies?
The colonies were located along the Atlantic Ocean, with New France to the north and New Spain to the south. The Appalachian Mountains formed a natural boundary to the west.
How were the New England colonies successful?
Economy of the New England Colonies:
Since the soil in New England was poor and the growing season was too short to grow many crops, besides corn, beans and squash, the New England colonies had to rely on other ways to make money, primarily through fishing, whaling, shipbuilding and rum making.
What was the major economy of the New England colonies?
Economy. New England’s economy was largely dependent on the ocean. Fishing (especially codfish) was most important to the New England economy, though whaling, trapping, shipbuilding, and logging were important also.