Why did Britain colonize Iraq?
Britain set up a colonial regime in Iraq after a long military campaign during World War I. In response to Iraqi resistance, including a country-wide uprising in 1920, British forces battled for over a decade to pacify the country, using airplanes, armored cars, firebombs and mustard gas.
What was Iraq called before 1920?
The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq, also known as Mandatory Iraq in its early phase, was established by the Anglo-Iraqi treaty of 1922 resulting from the 1920 Iraqi revolt against British rule.
What did the British do in Iraq?
In March 2003, British troops took part in a coalition invasion of Iraq. After a month of fighting, they overthrew Saddam Hussein’s regime and occupied the country. But it would be a further six years before Britain’s combat operations came to an end.
Why did the US invade Iraq?
The US claimed the intent was to remove “a regime that developed and used weapons of mass destruction, that harbored and supported terrorists, committed outrageous human rights abuses and defied the just demands of the United Nations and the world”.