What do Irish Republicans want?
Irish republicanism (Irish: poblachtánachas Éireannach) is the political movement for the unity and independence of Ireland under a republic. Irish republicans view British rule in any part of Ireland as inherently illegitimate.
What were the IRA fighting for?
The Irish Republican Army (IRA; Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann), also known as the Provisional Irish Republican Army, and informally as the Provos, was an Irish republican paramilitary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate Irish reunification and bring about an independent, socialist …
What caused the troubles in Ireland?
The conflict began during a campaign by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association to end discrimination against the Catholic/nationalist minority by the Protestant/unionist government and local authorities. … The campaign was also violently opposed by loyalists, who said it was a republican front.
How did the Irish potato famine contribute to Irish nationalism?
The Famine also made Irish people very anti-British. This was one of the factors that led to the emergence of violent Irish nationalist organizations such as the Fenians and the Irish Republican Army.
What happened to the Irish Republican Army?
After the end of the Irish Civil War (1922–23), the IRA was around in one form or another for forty years, when it split into the Official IRA and the Provisional IRA in 1969. … It is now inactive in a military sense, while its political wing, Official Sinn Féin, became the Workers’ Party of Ireland.
Is Ireland still under British rule?
Ireland became a republic in 1949 and Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom.
Why are the Irish called Fenians?
The name originated with the Fianna of Irish mythology – groups of legendary warrior-bands associated with Fionn mac Cumhail. Mythological tales of the Fianna became known as the Fenian Cycle.
Why did Ireland fight England?
It began because of the 1916 Easter Rising. The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) men who fought the British soldiers that day wanted Ireland to be its own country and wanted Britain to move its army out of Ireland. … The Unionists wanted to stay under control of the British Government.
Is Ireland or Northern Ireland part of the UK?
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK), since 1922, comprises four constituent countries: England, Scotland, and Wales (which collectively make up Great Britain), as well as Northern Ireland (variously described as a country, province or region).
Is Southern Ireland Catholic or Protestant?
Religion. Ireland has two main religious groups. The majority of Irish are Roman Catholic, and a smaller number are Protestant (mostly Anglicans and Presbyterians).
Why is Northern Ireland not part of Ireland?
Northern Ireland was created in 1921, when Ireland was partitioned by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, creating a devolved government for the six northeastern counties. The majority of Northern Ireland’s population were unionists, who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom.